About Singapore

About Singapore

Capital: Singapore

Area: 697 square kilometres

Population: Approximately 5.3 million people

Currency: Singapore Dollars (SGD)

Singapore, or officially known as the Republic of Singapore is a modern city-state and island country in Southeast Asia. Singapore has a total land area of 697 square kilometers and it is one of the largest islands of the 60 or so smaller islands in the Malay Peninsula. Singapore is separated from the Straights of Johor to the north and by Indonesia’s Riau Islands by the Singapore Strait in the south. Towards Singapore’s west side, the terrain is quite hilly and a majority of rivers run through this particular region.

Singapore’s coastal areas are lined with harbors throughout the entirety of the coastline. Singapore serves as an important passage for travelers from many countries: India, Australia, New Zealand, China, Japan and including, several other European countries.


Singapore’s weather is considered hot and humid throughout the year with temperatures ranging around 26 degrees Celsius. Singapore does, however, experience mild rainfall averaging approximately 97 inches yearly.

Singapore is a small country and its weather is influenced mainly by the sea. Therefore, heat and humidity in Singapore is not too hot, unlike Thailand. During November to January, Singapore will experience monsoons coming from the Northeast and thus, significantly cooling the entire island.

Singapore has 2 seasons: Summer and rain. Summer months are from February to October and rainy months are from November to January.

Culture and Lifestyle
  • Electricity  Singapore’s electricity is 220 -240 volts similar to Thailand. However, the plugs are not the same as Thailand as Singapore uses plugs with 3 eyes instead of 2. Therefore, it is required for students to bring along an adapter.
  • Religion  Singapore has many diverse religions in the country. Religions such as Buddhism (51%), Hinduism (4%), Christianity (15%), Islam (15%) and Taoism and Confucianism make up Singapore’s religious body.
  • Government  Singapore is a unitary multiparty parliamentary republic. Leading the country is a President, elected by the population and has a responsibility to serve the public for 5 years. The President has veto powers over executive decisions with the aid of Parliamentary that serves as the legislative branch of the government. Members of Parliament (MPs) are elected.

Interesting Places

Singapore has many famous tourist attractions scattered throughout the country. Locations such as Marina Bay, Merlion, Esplanade Theatre Building, Clarke Quay, Boat Quay, Chinatown, Little India and Singapore’s shopping hub, Orchard, are some of the famous must-see destinations.

Most of the attractions can be reached by the MRT and buses. Other famous locations that are a must-see for students are: Sentosa, Harbour Front, Night Safari, Jurong Bird Park and more.