New Zealand

About New Zealand

Capital: Wellington

Area: 268,680 kilometres

Population: 4.57 million people (Consensus from October 2558)

Currency: New Zealand Dollars (NZD)

  • New Zealand is an island country best known for its beautiful landscapes and untouched nature, situated in the Southern Hemisphere, the island is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean.
  • The island country is made up of 2 islands: The North Island and the South Island separated by the Cook Strait. The geography of New Zealand is composed of mountains, hills, rich forests and a beach stretching for 1,700 kilometres, including hot springs and a volcano. These natural attractions serve as New Zealand’s main tourist hotspots that are well-known around the world.

New Zealand is one of the more popular countries chosen by international students due to the country’s excellent education system featured in both its schools and universities. 

  • The main language used in New Zealand is English, spoken by most of the populace including the Maori. New Zealand’s population is mainly European, immigrated from England, Scotland, Ireland, and Netherlands which makes the country extremely diverse both traditionally and culturally.
  • New Zealanders (or colloquially known as Kiwis), enjoy playing sports and participate in various outdoor activities. The people of New Zealand take great pride and joy in preserving and maintaining their environment and natural habitat. The country is dubbed as the world’s first nuclear-free country on the planet.

The weather in New Zealand is considered to be fairly warm throughout the year due to its location of being surrounded by the Pacific Ocean. Depending on location, temperatures and weather will vary. In the north, temperatures are warmer than in the south and the east experiences more rainfall than the west. The coldest months in New Zealand are July and August and temperatures can drop as low as 2°C. The hottest months are January and February, with temperatures reaching as high as 22°C.


  • Summer: Summer months in New Zealand are between December to February with temperatures averaging around 12 – 22°C. During the day time, temperatures can be quite warm but at night, temperatures can be cooler. It is recommended to bring along a jacket or sweater to stay warm.
  • Autumn: Autumn months are between March to May with temperatures averaging around 8 – 20°C. New Zealand may experience snowfall during the end of the autumn months.
  • Winter: Winter months are between June to August with temperatures averaging around 2 – 15°C. Winter in New Zealand is extremely cold and the country experiences light to heavy snowfall, including rainfall.
  • Spring: Spring months are between September to November with temperatures averaging around 7 – 18°C. Both temperatures and weather during Spring rapidly fluctuate from extremely cold to extremely hot.


New Zealand is ahead of Thailand by 5 hours. During the months between October to March, New Zealand operates on Daylight Saving Time (DST) which adds an extra hour onto the clock for longer days and shorter nights.

What is Daylight Saving Time (DST)?

In many countries around the world, summer months mean longer days and shorter nights. During summer, the sun rises faster and sets much slower than usual. New Zealand, like many countries that use DST adds an extra hour on the clock for a longer day time period. DST varies from country to country and does not start at the same time due to laws and agreements made between countries.

Culture and Lifestyle

New Zealand is governed as a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy, led by Queen Elizabeth II. Silvia Cartwright is the 18th Governor-General of New Zealand and acts as the Queen’s representative in New Zealand. New Zealand employs a parliamentary system identical to the United Kingdom called Unicameralism, a practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.


The main religion in New Zealand is Christianity. Other religions make up only 34.6% of the entire population.


The education system in New Zealand is considered one of the best in the world that appeals to over 30,000 students from 160 countries per year to study abroad in New Zealand. In New Zealand, children between the ages of 6 – 16 (Primary to Secondary Education) again access to free education, sponsored by the government.

Electricity and Water

The electricity in New Zealand is higher than Thailand; the voltage in New Zealand is 230 whereas in Thailand, it is 220. It is recommended to bring along a travel adapter for any electronics to be used in New Zealand. However, many travel adapters can be easily purchased at local stores or malls.

New Zealand’s water supply system is very clean and safe. Tap water can be safely consumed.


The main currency used in New Zealand is the New Zealand Dollar (NZD). The bank denominations are: 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 NZD. Coins are classified by: 0.20, 0.50, 1 and 2 NZD. Foreign money can be brought into the country but it cannot exceed 10,000 NZD (or as a foreign equivalent). However, if the amount does exceed 10,000 NZD, it is mandatory to fill out the Border Cash Report as part of entry or customs clearance.


Public telephone booths in New Zealand require special cards that can be purchased at Stationary Stores or convenience stores. Prices will vary from 5 – 50 NZD. Credit cards can be used at these public telephone booths as well.

Banking Hours

Students will be able to open an account at the bank during working hours from 9:30 AM – 4:00 PM and every day from Monday to Friday.

Postal Hours

Postal hours are between 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM. In addition to using postal services, electricity bills and other utility or service bills can be paid at the post office.


Traveling in New Zealand is considered to be extremely convenient. Buses are the most popular mode of transportation around the country. In large cities, there will be designated buses that leave every 30 minutes to different parts of the country.

Other transportation methods include trains and airplanes.

Interesting Cities and Regions
  • Wellington Wellington is New Zealand’s capital city. The city has been established for 145 years and is located between the North Island and South Island. The city is dubbed as the “Windy City” due to the strong gusts of wind constantly passing throughout the city. Wellington is home to many important buildings such as Parliament, embassies and important financial institutions. Wellington’s commercial sector features a handful of cafes, restaurants and art museums to dine in and view.
  • Auckland  One of New Zealand’s biggest cities with a large commercial and business hub is in Auckland. Being a city dependent on commerce, Auckland has a large shipping port to receive and export goods. The Auckland Airport is the largest and busiest airport in New Zealand, which is also located here.Most of Auckland is surrounded by water and the locals partake in many water activities and water sports, one of which is sailing. Auckland is dubbed as the “City of Sails” due to the large amount of sails that can be seen on a regular basis. Another feature of Auckland is the city’s highest sightseeing point, Mount Eden. Mount Eden provides a well-rounded, fantastic 360 degree view of Auckland and the surrounding areas.
  • Christchurch
    Christchurch is New Zealand’s 3rd largest city after Wellington and Auckland. Dubbed as “The Garden City”, Christchurch is best known for the abundance of flowers seen throughout. At the city’s center, there are a lot of churches and Victorian-styled buildings which reflect similarities to buildings in the United Kingdom.The most popular sport in Christchurch is skiing and viewing hot springs.
  • Dunedin Dunedin is located on the South Island of New Zealand where the city is mostly surrounded by mountains and located close to bays. The University of Otago is established in Dunedin and it is New Zealand’s oldest university and one of the world’s leading universities. The University of Otago is expertly known to be at the forefront of science and medicine.
  • Rotorua Rotorua is a quiet city found in New Zealand’s North Island, best known for its stunning nature sightseeing spots and spas in the city. Due to the vast amounts of fresh springs and hot water springs located close to Lake Rotorua, the city is nicknamed as the “Sulphur City”.One of the main attractions that draw in tourists to Rotorua is to experience the diverse culture and traditions of New Zealand’s local population: The Maori.
  • Hamilton   Situated on the shores of the Waikato River, New Zealand’s longest river, Hamilton is best known for its location used to film the “Lord of the Rings” movies. Hamilton is mainly surrounded by a rich abundance of nature which makes the city one of the most pleasant places in New Zealand to live in, study and visit.Hamilton is located approximately 130 kilometres from Auckland.
  • Queenstown  Queenstown is a small city sitting at the very edge of Lake Wakatipu, surrounded by beautiful snow-capped mountains and nature. Queenstown is ranked as one of the most popular tourist destinations due to the abundance of activities available: Bungee jumping, rafting, jet boat cruises, skiing and many other activities.