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Canada

About Canada

Capital: Ottawa

Area: 9,976,140 square kilometres

Population: Approximately 35 million people

Currency: Canadian Dollars (CDN)

Canada is the world’s second-largest country with a total area of 9,976,140 square kilometres spanning from the Pacific Coast to the Atlantic Coast. Located in the Northern Hemisphere close to the Arctic Circle, Canada is an English-speaking country with ten provinces and three territories governed under the British Crown.


Weather

The weather in Canada is particularly diverse with four seasons year round; Spring, Summer, Autumn and Fall. Summers in Canada range from 30 – 35 degrees Celsius (or more) and winter can plummet to -25 degrees Celsius, depending on the provinces. Provinces that experience shear temperature drops are Ontario, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. During autumn, temperatures are more stable and pleasant, ranging between a comfortable 18-23 degrees throughout the country.


Culture and Lifestyle

Religion

Canada’s religious population consists of 42% Roman Catholics, 40% Protestants, Eastern Orthodox and Jews consists of the remaining 18% of the population.

Government

Canada’s governmental structure is attributed as a Constructional Monarchy with a Federal Parliament, under the supervision of Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen acts as the current head of state for all provinces and territories and Canada. Though, it must be noted that each province and territory in Canada acts and is autonomously governed independently from one another.


Provinces and Territories of Canada

Provinces

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Quebec
  • Saskatchewan

Territories

  • Northwest Territories
  • Nunavut
  • Yukon

Interesting Provinces in Canada

British Columbia

British Columbia is the Western-most province of Canada, best known for the province’s pristine and untouched environments found throughout. The province’s capital city is Victoria, located on Vancouver Island, a small island off the coast of BC. However, British Columbia is best known for its largest city, home to 3.3 million people: Vancouver. Most of the population in Vancouver is consisted of mainly Chinese migrants, as well as Caucasians, Eastern Europeans, Indians and Asians. British Columbia is known to have pleasant and warm weather and mild winters, comparatively to the other Canadian provinces.

Alberta

Alberta is a province located east of British Columbia, rich in natural resources and is distinctively the birthplace of the Rocky Mountains (or Rockies), stretching into the United States. Unlike the other provinces of Canada, Alberta is a flat province; it is the ideal terrain to raise livestock (especially cattle) and undertake sustainable agriculture.

Alberta’s capital city is Edmonton.

Manitoba

Found two provinces over, Manitoba is another semi-flat province and is dubbed as “Land of 100,000 Lakes”. Manitoba is the only province in Canada that has a self-sustaining province as electricity is derived from efficient hydroelectric dams, employing cutting-edge green technologies. In addition, Manitoba is rich in natural resources including: Copper, zinc and nickel.

Manitoba’s capital city is Winnipeg.

Ontario

Ontario is one of Canada’s largest provinces measuring at 1.1 million square kilometres. Toronto is Ontario’s capital city and is Canada’s largest business and financial hub in the province and the country. Additionally, Ottawa, Canada’s capital city is also located in Ontario, north of Toronto.

Ontario is rich in natural resources such as nickel, copper and uranium. Furthermore, Ontario has a handful of tourist attractions, including the world’s largest waterfall, Niagara Falls and the world’s tallest skyscraper, CN Tower. The CN Tower was once the world’s tallest building until its record was broken in 2006.

Quebec

Quebec is Canada’s largest province, measuring at 1,450,680 square kilometres and the capital city is Quebec City. Quebec is the only province in Canada in which French is spoken as its sole-provincial language, attributed to many peoples’ ancestry tracing back to mainland France.