About Australia

Capital City: Canberra, located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory

Area: 7,741,220 square kilometres

Population:  23.90 million people (information as of October 2015)

Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)


Australia is the smallest continent in the world and considered the world’s largest island, sometimes also referred to as the ‘island continent’. Located south of Asia, Australia has a range of different landscapes such as desserts, beautiful coastline, white sandy beaches, tropical rainforests which have all still remained in their natural state.

Getting from Thailand

Australia features several international airports located in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Airlines like Thai Airways, Singapore Airlines, British Airways and Qantas Airlines all have direct flights to Australia.


The climate in Australia is varies from state to state but in general is considered to have a tropical climate. Their lowest temperature is in Tasmania (11-12 degrees Celsius) and highest temperatures are in their Northern Territories (34 degrees Celsius). Weather is known to be pleasant in Spring as the flowers start blooming throughout their beautiful landscape.

  • Autumn: March – May
  • Winter: June – August
  • Spring: September – November
  • Summer: December – February

Time Zone

Australia is divided into 3 the following time zones: 

  • Eastern Standard Time (EST) – includes Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and Victoria (3 hours ahead of Thailand).
  • Central Standard Time (CST) – includes South Australia and the Northern Territory (2 hours ahead of Thailand).
  • Western Standard Time (WST) – includes Western Australia (1 hour ahead of Thailand).

Daylight Saving Time (DST)

Summer in selected countries have longer hours during the daytime than the night time. The sun comes up earlier and sets later, thus the addition of an extra 1 hour during the daytime. This is called Daylight Saving Time.

DST for each country is different and depends heavily on the law and regulations for each country. In Australia, DST starts from the beginning of October until March or April of the following year. The clock is pushed 1 hour earlier in all states except in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory.

Culture & Background

Australia is considered a melting pot for various different nationalities and is estimated that 1 out of every 5 of the population have heritage connected to other countries. Therefore not only are there mixed nationalities, but a great mix of different cultures and influences. Cultural traditions and festivals like Chinese New Year, Songkran and even Loy Kratong are continued and celebrated in many areas of Australia.
The quality of life in Australia is rated as one of the best in the world. Apart from the immense differences in cultures and traditions, Australia’s environment, public healthcare systems and education are also rated very highly therefore making this country one of the best places to live in.


Australia’s education system has been very well developed. This can be seen clearly as their education enrollment rate is considered one of the highest in the world. On average, Australian students stay in school (elementary and secondary) for a longer period than in many other countries like Japan, Germany and the United Kingdom. Each year, more and more overseas students find their way to Australia to study.

Electricity and Water

Australia uses 240-250 Voltage AC 50 Hz which is the same as Thailand but use a 3-legged power outlet. If you are planning to bring electrical equipment or appliances, it is recommended to purchase an adapter. These adapters can be bought in Thailand and also can be found in Australia.

Tap water is drinkable in Australia and usually has a hot & cold setup. Cold water is drinkable straight from the tap, but hot water is not.


Most Australians believe in Christianity, but as the country exercises freedom of religion, other religions such as Buddhism, Islam and Jewish religions etc. are also practiced. Temples, mosques and churches can be found in many of the major cities in Australia.


Australia is a constitutional monarchy with 3 federal divisions of powers. The 3 divisions include the Federal Government, State Government, and Local governments. Australia has a stable democratic economy and is known to combine liberalism from the UK and North America.

Australian states and territories

    in this section almost all of the information about the different states had information added.

  • Australian Capital Territory  ACT is a territory located in the south east of Australia. It is home to the Capital of Australia Canberra and Australia’s Parliament. Many embassies, national organizations, and agencies for different countries are located in the ACT and this region beautifully combines architecture, parks, lakes and nature with the government buildings.

  • New South Wales  Located on the east coast of Australia, New South Wales is the nation’s most populous state. The capital city Sydney, is an energetic and vibrant city and also known to have the most Thai nationals and Thai students residing here.

  • Northern Territory  Located on the central northern coast and also known as the ‘top end’ or ‘Outback state’ it consists mainly of deserts , sand dunes, lakes, cliffs and wildlife. Uluru (Ayers Rock) and many other spectacular rock formations can be found in the Northern Territory which are fascinating places for nature-loving tourists wanting to experience the culture of some of Australia’s indigenous people. The capital city of the Northern Territory is Darwin.

  • Queensland  This is the third most populous state in Australia and also the second largest in size. The state enjoys warm weather throughout the year and is also popular among tourists traveling to Australia eager to visit rain-forests, beautiful beaches, reefs and natural beauty.The capital city of Queensland is Brisbane.

  • South Australia  South Australia is known at the ‘Festival State’ as well as the capital of culture. It is located in the southern, central area of Australia. The capital city-Adelaide, is filled with an abundance of old churches and historical sites. The northern part of South Australia contains deserts and is still in a very natural state. However the area around the capital city and south towards Victoria is famous for producing more than 30% of the country’s best wine.

  • Tasmania  The smallest state in Australia is an island located in the south eastern corner below Victoria.It is mostly covered in mountains and highlands while being surrounded by a scenic view of the ocean and its natural marine environment. Due to this natural environment, Tasmania enjoys clean, fresh air year around and a high quality of agricultural produce. The capital city of Tasmania is Hobart.

  • Victoria  Victoria (or sometimes referred to as the ‘Garden State’), due to its countless number of public parks. Being the 2nd most populous after New South Wales, the state is also home to a large number of Thai students who travel here for further studies. Many of them living in Melbourne -the capital city. Victoria is also considered to be the centre for art and architecture in Australia.

  • Western Australia  This states occupies the entire western third of Australia and has a coastline with a total length of 12,500 kilometres. Much of western Australia is desert but this is extremely rich in minerals and the state is the 3rd in the world as a source for diamonds. The main occupation for most people living here is fishing and mining. The capital city is Perth and it is the closest city in Australia to Thailand.